Skeptoid PodcastSkeptoid on Facebook   Skeptoid on Twitter   Skeptoid on Spotify   iTunes   Google Play

Members Portal

Support Us Store


Get a Free Book



What is beauty?

by Chad Jones

April 13, 2013

Share Tweet Reddit

Donate What does the word "beauty" bring to your mind? A pretty face, a flower, a mountain range, or even a sound can be easily described as beautiful. While I won't disagree with any of these, today I'd like to share a few things thatIthink are beautiful.

The ideal gas law

PV=NkT. This simple equation combines several laws (Boyle's law, Charles' law, Gay-Lussac's law, and Avagadro's law) into a simple, concise law that explains the behavior of ideal gases. An ideal gas is a mixture of particles where each particle takes up zero physical space and none of the particles interact with each other. Now, obviously real gases don't act like this, but the ideal gas law is a widely applicable equation.

But the ideal gas law isn't necessarily beautiful to me because of its applications. The most stunning thing to me is that the ideal gas law can be derived in so many different ways. Originally, in the late 1600s, chemists began exploring the things like pressure, volume, and temperature. They derived the ideal gas law piece by piece using careful experimental techniques. Later, in the late 1800s, Boltzmann and Maxwell used a statistical approach to describing gaseous particles. The beauty of the ideal gas law is that both experimentally and statistically we get the same exact answer.We don't get an answer that's close to the same, we get the exact answer.

Euler's identity

No essay on scientific beauty is complete without a mention of Euler (pronounced "Oiler"). This simple identity contains some of the most important constants in all of mathematics:

e: This constant is equal to ~2.71828. It is the base of the natural logarithm. It's a constant that appears when describing just about anything in the universe. Also, ex isit's own derivative, which is pretty awesome.

i: An imaginary number,iis actually just the square root of -1. There is noreal number that, when squared, will produce a negative number. Therefore the square root of a negative number is an imaginary number. However, this imaginary number isveryreal, and things like quantum mechanics (a veryrealthing) wouldn't be possible withouti.

?: We all know pi. 3.14159. Pi is the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter. It's another mathematical constant that just keeps showing up (even when you're not even describing a circle, which is pretty cool).

0 and 1: These two numbers are both interesting mathematically. Zeros and ones can either make a derivation simple (by "getting rid of" a bunch of terms) or insanely complex (a zero in a denominator is never something you want to see...). Ones and zeros make up binary, the complex, but elegantly simple way that we are communicating right now. These two numbers are just as beautiful (and important) as any of the other constants in Euler's identity.

Now, we know that Euler's identity is valid because it's actually a specific case of a more general, and equally beautiful equation:

Euler's formula

Once again, the beauty of this equation is not only in its simplicity, but the fact that we can derive this expression using several different methods. Just likeeand? in Euler's identity, Euler's formula is used over and over again to help us derive some of the most important scientific equations we know.

Beauty is all around us, and I'm not just talking about trees, birds, and rivers. The universe is extraordinarily complex, but amazingly simple at the same time.

by Chad Jones

Share Tweet Reddit

@Skeptoid Media, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit








Want more great stuff like this?

Let us email you a link to each week's new episode. Cancel at any time: