What's Up with the Rosicrucians?

Are they truly an ancient mystical order, or merely a mail-order New Age literature business?

by Brian Dunning

Filed under Religion

Skeptoid #164
July 28, 2009
Podcast transcript | Listen | Subscribe
 

What do you get when you mix alchemy, The Da Vinci Code, Nazis, Christianity, mysticism, the Knights Templar, Shakespeare, The Secret, and ancient Egypt? No, not a bad movie about Ben Stiller working late at a museum; you get the Rosicrucians. Who are they, what are they up to, what do they believe, and what the heck's the deal with all the historical imagery?

In San Jose, California, stands an Egyptian obelisk, covered in heiroglyphics. Nearby is a statue of Caesar Augustus, outside a planetarium in classical Islamic architecture. In the midst of this historical montage, surrounded by living papyrus plants, is the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum, actually quite a good museum filled with authentic Egyptian artifacts. The rest of this city block is taken up by the world headquarters of AMORC, the Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis. The name Rosicrucian comes from Rosy Cross, an ancient symbol that's been adopted by many religious and pagan groups throughout history. To the modern Rosicrucian organization, the cross with an unfolding white rose in the center represents the human body and its consciousness opening up, carefully steering away from its more common traditional connections with Christianity. The Rosicrucians downplay any religious associations with their symbology, claiming not to be a church, and welcoming members of any religion or no religion. (Here's a hint: When you're taking peoples' money, don't turn anyone away at the door.)

According to tradition, the founder of Rosicrucianism was the none-too-improbably named Christian Rosenkreuz, born in 1378, the last surviving member of an assassinated German noble family, secreted away to a monastery where he grew to found the order that bore his name. Rosenkreuz traveled throughout the Christian, Muslim, Dharmic, and pagan lands, amassing his knowledge and acquiring a small but tight group of followers. Of his death, all that is known to Rosicrucian tradition is that his body lies somewhere in a geometrically proportioned cave, incorrupt, and bathed in white light from an unseen source.

Rosenkreuz's story is told in the Fama Fraternitatis Rosae Crucis, an anonymous manifesto published in Germany in 1614. The following year, another manifesto appeared, the Confessio Fraternitatis, which declared the existence of a secret society of alchemists and sages following pious Christian principles and planning an intellectual enlightenment of Europe. Then in 1616, the third and last of the Rosicrucians' three major manifestos was published, The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz, an allegorical tale of Rosenkreutz using alchemy to assist in the wedding of a king and queen in a strange and magical castle. The three manifestos made quite a splash in certain circles. Leaders of the occult and science tried to make contact with the secret society described, including Rene Descartes, William Shakespeare, and the philosopher and scientist Sir Francis Bacon. In fact, by some accounts, Francis Bacon was not only actually one of the secret society members, he may have written the first two manifestos; and some Rosicrucians claim he wrote Shakespeare's works as well. Another hint is that Bacon was also a member of a Templar society, and the Knights Templar bore the same rose-colored cross as the Crusaders. Some believe the third manifesto was written by the Lutheran alchemist Johannes Valentinus Andreae, whose name was also claimed in a 1960's hoax as one of the Grand Masters of the Priory of Sion, which figured so prominently in The Da Vinci Code.

So suffice it to say that there is enough pop-culture quasi-history to adorn Rosicrucianism with as much illustrious intrigue as you wish. Our task is to see if we can connect the dots, and find out what links there are, if any, between all those legendary characters and the people who sit in offices in San Jose today, depositing checks and doing the books. Exactly what are they up to? What do they do, and what do Rosicrucian members do? Here's the answer.

If I were to summarize the modern Rosicrucian organization, I'd compare it to a low-pressure, less expensive version of Scientology, based on New Age beliefs instead of L. Ron Hubbard's science fiction. You send them a few hundred dollars a year for your membership, and they send you printed lessons for self study that teach you all about their mystical belief system, the "keys to universal wisdom", as they put it. Like Scientology and Freemasonry, Rosicrucians reach various levels, or degrees, based on how much of the self-study material you've purchased and read. You can even perform your own initiation ceremonies into each new degree at home. In your first five years as a Rosicrucian, you'll cover the three "neophyte" degrees from First Atrium through Third Atrium, and then the "temple" section from First Temple Degree through Ninth Temple Degree. By this time your teaching will include topics such as:

One of the benefits available to modern Rosicrucians is magical assistance to those in need of actual assistance, which they provide to successful petitioners via their "Council of Solace". Their web site describes how this works:

The Council does this by putting certain spiritual energies into motion and directing them in accordance with mystical law and natural principles. Metaphysical aid is thus directed to individuals ...with health, domestic, economic, or other problems, and aid is also directed to those who are attuned with the Council. The aid of the Council of Solace operates on the cosmic plane. Its activity is solely metaphysical and in no way interferes with any professional or health-care assistance being received on the physical plane.

So at this point you're probably yawning at this yet-another "spin the wheel and invent a New Age philosophy". So it's a good time to introduce William Walker Atkinson, an author who wrote about 100 books in the early 20th century under many pseudonyms. He is credited with being one of the principal architects of the New Thought movement, which evolved into today's New Age movement. His book The Law of Attraction in the Thought World is one of the primary influences of Rhonda Byrne's book and movie The Secret, and in fact the word "Rosicrucian" appears subtly on screen throughout the movie's title transitions. Many of the principal writings of the Dharmic movement of the 1960's, so popular with the Beatles and attributed to various swamis and yogis, were in fact written by Atkinson. But one of Atkinson's books broke the pattern and was written not to promote the New Thought mysticism, but rather to expose it. Published under the name Magus Incognito, its title was The Secret Doctrine of the Rosicrucians. In it, Atkinson claims that the true Rosicrucian order does not accept fees, has no formal organization, and is in fact secret. He then gives away all the contents of the Rosicrucian degrees. Why would he write this book?

AMORC, the modern formal Rosicrucian group, was launched in New York in 1915. The original founder, Harvey Spencer Lewis, and its first leader (or "Imperator" as they call it), is said to have borrowed quite heavily from the works of Yogi Ramacharaka in developing the Atrium and Temple Degree series. Who was the real author behind the name Yogi Ramacharaka? You guessed it, William Walker Atkinson. Apparently annoyed that his work had been so broadly and obviously "borrowed from" (to put it politely) without attribution, Atkinson quickly produced The Secret Doctrine of the Rosicrucians by retitling some of his own earlier works that contained the material used in the Rosicrucian lessons, and adding a few jabs like "real Rosicrucians would never take your money the way AMORC does".

Atkinson also reminded us that the term Rosicrucian and the rosy cross symbol have both been in the public domain for centuries, so nobody has any exclusive right to use them; and in fact that there are many competing Rosicrucian groups out there. Although AMORC has clearly won in the marketplace with its expansive San Jose headquarters, you might also choose to join the Ancient Order of the Rosicrucians, the Fraternitas Rosicruciana Antiqua, the Lectorium Rosicrucianum, or any of a dozen others, all based on essentially the same occult New Age mystical traditions.

Ever since the original manifestos were published by the first in this long line of clever authors, it seems everyone's been trying to get in on the Rosicrucian action; either directly by name or by rebranding it the way Rhonda Byrne, and in fact William Atkinson himself, have done. It's even been borrowed by whole nations in search of a defining philosophy. In his book The Occult Roots of Nazism, author Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke found that Nazi symbology was inspired by an 18th century German Rosicrucian order called Gold und Rosenkreuzer.

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And thus we have a ten-cent tour of the history of Rosicrucian mysticism. It was invented in the early 1600's by European intellectuals who wrote allegorical tales blending alchemy with Protestant Christianity. It was revived in the early 1900's by the New Thought movement seeking ancient forms of mysticism that appealed to the notions of a population just beginning to learn that such a thing as a cosmic universe existed, and searching for meaning within it. And a century later, Rosicrucianism remains just one more flavor of for-profit New Age products, leveraging claims to ancient wisdom into bank deposits. It professes that the "keys to the universe" were known to a handful of Europeans 400 years ago, they just never managed to do much with them, since recurring credit card billing hadn't been invented yet.

I will close with the phrase that Rosicrucians like to put at the bottom of all their written communications. It means "So it shall be" and is often used to mean "Amen" or "In the name of God":

So Mote It Be!

Brian Dunning

© 2009 Skeptoid Media, Inc. Copyright information

References & Further Reading

AMORC. "Mastery of Life." Rosicrucian Order. Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crusis, 1 Jan. 2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2009. <http://www.rosicrucian.org/about/mastery/>

Atkinson, W. The Secret Doctrine of the Rosicrucians. Chicago: L.N. Fowler & Co., 1918.

Editors. "Rosicrucians." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Columbia University Press, 1 Oct. 2009. Web. 12 Jan. 2009. <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0842439.html>

Melchior, F. "Manifestations of the Neo-Rosicrucian Current." The Alchemy Web Site. Adam McLean, 10 Nov. 1997. Web. 23 Jul. 2009. <http://www.levity.com/alchemy/rosi_grp.html>

Schwarz, Avraham. Empowering Thoughts: The Secret of Rhonda Byrne or The Law of Attraction in the Torah. New York: BN Publishing, 2007.

Yates, F.A. The Rosicrucian Enlightenment. London: Routledge, 1972.

Reference this article:
Dunning, B. "What's Up with the Rosicrucians?" Skeptoid Podcast. Skeptoid Media, Inc., 28 Jul 2009. Web. 26 Oct 2014. <http://skeptoid.com/episodes/4164>

Discuss!

10 most recent comments | Show all 87 comments

on neo-rosicrucianism and the nazis:
http://www.yamaguchy.com/library/amorc/forum.html

read the short essay on page 30 by AMORC's founder, harvey spencer lewis. this is from their order's magazine in 1936.

no direct link, you might say, but old harvey didn't seem to mind 'Mr Hitler and his form of Government' too much.

lest it be said that he was no worse than many others of that era, well yes, but remember mr lewis was strutting around claiming to be head of an order that promised that those who took up its practice would attain to a level of psychic ability in both everyday life and as to future events.

yet those 'occult powers' seem to have left old harvey less perceptive and intuitive than the average bloke in the street about what was going on in germany.

must have been all the home sanctum incense getting in his eyes.

mr lewis died in august 1939. i do not know whether he re-evaluated his view of nazi germany or got to tinker with his black mirrors to re-align that ol' second sight.

brothersofthesixpoints, UK
October 23, 2013 8:47am

I have been initiated into the Degrees of AMORC up to the 11th Degree and I can say to you that the Rosicrucian Teachings are real and they do make you a better human being. All Rosicrucian groups are valid in my opinion.
I belong to 6 or seven Rosicrucian Orders at the present moment.
I'm very happy with all I've learned from the teachings of The Rosicrucian Order. God bless all of you!!

Noel E. Gutierrez, Miami, Florida
December 16, 2013 7:18pm

I have also studies all the degree up to 12th and belongs to two well known Rosicrucian Order. One which I'm more active. I personally believe that the Rosicrucian teachings is one the best tools to help humankind to find their way back. I'm so pleased I had the opportunity to find that support and I'm have been very blessed! As I have heard from someone that is no longer with us and have never studies the teachings, she said,"Rosicrucians, are good people". So like I believe, at least they strive to become a good person and that's why I like the system.

Peace Profound to all !!!

Sun of Light, West
December 19, 2013 8:58am

having a daily bowel movement also makes you a better human being.

its cheaper, too.

droll one, UK
December 23, 2013 8:24am

one of the problems with occult groups is you essentially have people with very limited study, or study only in a very specific area, trying to instruct others.

I was recently talking to a senior golden dawn leader who was talking about 'secret exercises' ... as he described them, i furrowed my brow. i recognised them, the exercises are available in the public library to anyone who can locate and borrow a book. they are in aquinas. i've seen a lot of this in masonry and your more secret groups. people who are detoured by the promise of secret knowledge who are ignorant of what is available to anyone.

AMORC is an organisation that has profited from this ignorance in the broader society. much of what it has in its system is lifted from other, better sources with far more intellectual depth and power.

if you aren't discerning, you can go the AMORC or masonic way, but why would anyone would want to be instructed by people who misrepresent their own teaching and don't know where it emanates from ?

another AMORC leader was opining on his views on the Chinese intellectual tradition. i have read a little Chinese history and saw he had the whole thing hopelessly muddled. he had not the first clue about the Chinese historical outlook. he referenced gavin menzies, the fraud who wrote the 1421 nonsense, for chrrissakes!

again, i was amazed at the lack of a broad general grounding in people who aspire to instruct others.

these guys are knaves, pure and simple.

jerome verdier, NYC
January 23, 2014 12:50am

As a member of A.M.O.R.C. I can say that supporting Brian and Skeptoid is way more expensive than membership in the Rosicrucians. Fools abound!!!!

Jason, Tampa, Florida
April 11, 2014 10:04am

AMORC is what it is. The rantings of a few skeptics and religious zealots does not change the good work it does.

AMORC is not a religion (though it does have a certain spirituality about it). If you are searching for religion or God as other people experience him (her or it), don't join AMORC go find a religion.

AMORC does charge dues, about the cost of an (expensive) coffee each week. If you cant afford it, don't join or leave.

AMORC studies equip students with different ways of seeing the world and tools for changing their lives (however they wish).

I have indeed been a member of AMORC for a few years and I can honestly say that I feel no pressure to stay a member, recruit others or ostracise others for leaving. I stay because I enjoy meditation, and the company of other liberal minded members.I don't agree with everything I have read or heard; but this is no different than my academic studies or professional life.

Skeptics and critics can say what they like, but ultimately, each person must decide for themselves. go to AMORC's website, and see for yourself.

LLL
Ric

Ric, Sydney, Australia
April 19, 2014 4:17pm

as i read it, skeptoid can be supported for $US3.99 per month, $US48 a year. you can chooose to pay more.

AMORC dues in the US cost $150 to access material online. join a local group and you add probably $100 to that.

looks like when you join AMORC your mathematical faculties take a hit and you just can't add up figures anymore.

fools do abound. liars too.

wishar spenly cerve, mt shasta
April 25, 2014 9:21am

anyone can say 'a thing is what it is.'

at one level, is anyone disputing that? a wasted line there. the poster mayzwell not have typed it.

this is a discussion of the origins of a group that makes public claims that are interesting, but for the most part bogus.

that group also has a real history that it doesn't lay claim to, but which is far more interesting, and evidently far more recent. that is a matter of historical discussion and examination. it tells us a lot about the fantasies and hopes of a particular era, that is, the early 20th century and onwards.

if members of the group do not like that, they need to examine themselves, not others whose interest is in the facts.

one question may be, why some people choose to associate with a significant other which they know has an entirely fantastical story of its own origin, the things it tells people and where it is going.

AMORC is very clearly a body which isn't really there for the reasons it says it is. the examination of the 'gladio 'stay behind' movements and connections with the far right in france, the country in which it is now based, and with dictators throughout the francophone world, are interesting enough in themselves to have attracted serious journalists for many years.

in the end, of course, AMORC isn't what it is, and that is interesting and a matter for continual investigation.

sri sobitha bhikku, san jose
May 20, 2014 1:12am

Rosicrucian Fellowship - International Headquarters
2222 Mission Avenue, Oceanside, CA 92058-2329, USA

Situated in an area with likely more military presence than anywhere on the planet. Situated in an area that took the Rosicrucians in the guise of the Conquistadors centuries to "cleanse". This is an order that in the guise of the Pilgrims and Jesuits, undertook much "cleansing", and are presently the faction, in control of "White Magic", and consequently all forms of media.

Rollo, North America
May 29, 2014 11:42am

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